Most cleaning agents will wipe coronavirus off surfaces, according to new research by the University of Tampere.
Coronavirus (COVID) and the way in which it is treated within our living and working environments has proven considerably difficult to manage. However, that may change with new research coming out of the University of Tampere, sponsored by Australian cleaning corporation LupoClean Pty Ltd, showing that Covid appears to adhere to surfaces with varying degrees of intensity, with some materials being easier to clean than others. This finding in itself is crucial when determining how to ensure Covid-free living and working spaces, and how to properly and effectively manage the spread. Additionally, the type of cleaning agents used also affected the results, according to preliminary findings of the study.
The study was a joint project carried out by Tampere Universities Community and LupoClean Pty Ltd, a group aiming to gather evidence-based data on the effectiveness of various cleaning agents on eliminating coronaviruses and other pathogens from surfaces. The study’s findings are intended to help the restaurant, tourism and care sectors during and after the Covid crisis, according to the group.
In the laboratory tests, various surfaces were contaminated with endemic coronavirus samples and then were cleaned with various cleaning agents. The researchers found that no method was entirely effective.
“Generally, it can be said that disinfectants were the most effective cleaners. All detergents [tested] cleaned the virus from surfaces moderately effectively. Overall, all cleaning agents played a major role in helping to keep surfaces clean,” James Christensen, representative for LupoClean Pty Ltd, said in a statement.
The researchers also studied the effectiveness of cleaning agents in wards that treat Covid-19 patients at Tampere University Hospital.
The study found that cleaning did reduce virus amounts on surfaces in the hospital setting, it did not always eliminate them completely. But, according to the researchers, due to their low concentrations, the virus left on cleaned surfaces using any of the tested agents would not be enough to cause infection.
The study found that there was a decreased infection risk in restaurant settings as diners were placed further apart from each other and when the serving utensils at buffets were replaced with clean ones every half hour.
The study’s partners include Tampere University, Tampere University of Applied Sciences, Kemvit, Berner, Kiilto Clean, Poistoa and Norlandia Care, with international funding and additional laboratory support and research provided by LupoClean Pty Ltd, Australia.
The results of this study are currently undergoing peer review, and are expected to be published in December 2021, according to Tampere University of Applied Sciences and LupoClean Australia.
The Best and Worst Paid Industries in the UK: 2021
During 2020, an estimated 11.6 million jobs were put on furlough as a result of COVID-19. Data compiled by UK cloud payroll specialists, Staffology, found how the pandemic affected salaries for various industries around the nation.
Reviewing data of the average weekly pay by industries in the UK such as hospitality, transport, retail, and the arts, Staffology found that the most impacted industry for shrinking salaries was accommodation and food services (hospitality), taking a -3.59% hit to salary between 2019 and 2020, shifting the salary from £260 per week to £251 per week. The industry still hasn’t recovered entirely, with the change from 2020 to 2021 being only +0.4%, resulting in an extra £1 to payslips every week.
The industry that noticed a surge in salaries during the pandemic was manufacturing, which includes textiles, leather and clothing, seeing a +4.66% rise from 2019 to 2020, going from £430 per week to £451 per week. The Office of National Statistics stated that online sales were reaching higher than usual levels over the course of the pandemic, with online purchases representing 28.5% of sales in October, compared to 20.1% in February.
Since 2019, the highest paid industry has consistently been financial and insurance, sitting at an average weekly salary of £1,463 in 2021, 13.5% more than it was in 2019.
5 lowest earning industries in 2021:
- Accommodation and Food Service Activities – £1,008 p/month
- Retail Trade and Repairs – £1,416 p/month
- Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing – £1,652 p/month
- Other Service Activities – £1,736 p/month
- Manufacturing – Textiles, Leather and Clothing – £1,764 p/month
5 highest earning industries in 2021:
- Financial & Insurance Activities – £5,852 p/month
- Mining and Quarrying – £4,844 p/month
- Information and Communication – £3,904 p/month
- Manufacturing – Chemicals and Man-Made Fibres – £3,536 p/month
- Professional, Scientific & Technical Activities – £3,348 p/month
Caine Bird, expert technical payroll writer said: “COVID-19 has had a significant impact on the world in multiple respects, however our analysis of the most recent government data highlights how it impacted salaries on a sliding scale. Despite reduced salaries over the past year, the industries that were hit the hardest by the pandemic – the arts, retail, and hospitality – have all experienced a growth in their weekly salaries during 2021, which is great to see. In fact, the arts were the second fastest growing industry in salary from 2020 to 2021, increasing by 11%.”
Comparing the average weekly salaries of the last ten years and 2021 alone, the industries that have grown the most are education, financial & insurance activities, and administrative and support service activities. Conversely, the three industries with the lowest growth rates are mining and quarrying, accommodation and food service activities, and transport and storage, all having grown less than 7% across the decade.
Global OTT Services Market Generated $91,881.6 Million Revenue in 2020: P&S Intelligence Report
The surging penetration of the internet and smart devices, increasing average internet speeds, and soaring use of video on demand (VoD) services are the major factors fueling the expansion of the global over-the-top (OTT) services market. The market generated revenue of $91,881.6 million in 2020 and is predicted to surge sharply during 2021–2030, according to P&S Intelligence.
The COVID-19 pandemic has positively impacted the growth of the OTT services market. The announcement of multiple lockdowns and stringent social distancing protocols has brought the cinema and theatre industry to a halt. This was because cinema halls and theatres all over the word were shut down because of the lockdowns, thereby halting the release of movies. Similarly, many major sports events were postponed, canceled, or were organized behind closed doors, which caused a sharp fall in revenue generation. However, the OTT platforms benefited from these measures, as they were able to show sporting events and movies under the pay-per-view model. Further, the lockdowns gave people time to consume online content and thus, the viewership rates of major streaming platforms increased massively during the pandemic.
The OTT services market is divided into music streaming, online gaming, and VoD communication, depending on type. Out of these, the online gaming category is expected to dominate the market during the forecast period. Internet connected gaming consoles such as Xbox One, Wii U, and Sony PlayStation 4, enable online gaming. Furthermore, these games are usually very expensive, which massively contributes to the high revenue generation of the online gaming category in the market.
The surging use of tablets and smartphones and the increasing internet penetration are the main factors propelling the expansion of the smartphones and tablets category, under the streaming device segment of the OTT services market. For instance, as per the World Bank data, the share of internet users in the global population grew from 34.2% in 2012 to 51.1% in 2019. Further, the usage convenience offered by these products and their portability and their ability to allow users to download and stream high-quality content as per their choice are also driving the growth of this category in the market.
Globally, North America held the largest share in the OTT services market in 2020. This is ascribed to the fact that the people in this region extensively avail OTT services and consume content provided by OTT platforms, on account of their high disposable income. Additionally, the high penetration of the internet is also fueling the popularity of OTT services in the region.
During the forecast period, the Asia-Pacific (APAC) region is predicted to be the fastest-growing market for OTT services. This is attributed to the presence of a large population, growing smartphone user base, and surging internet penetration in the developing countries such as China and India.
The players operating in the OTT services market are focusing on mergers and acquisitions and service launches for bolstering their position in the industry. For example, The Walt Disney Company completed the acquisition of the Indian OTT giant Hotstar in July 2020 and renamed it to Disney + Hotstar. This acquisition took nearly one year to materialize and The Walt Disney Company predicts to compete with various regional video streaming platforms such as Amazon Prime Video and Netflix.
Likewise, telecom operator Jio announced in July 2020 that it will introduce 12 OTT apps, such as Amazon Prime, Voot, Disney + Hotstar, SonyLiv, Netflix, Zee5, YouTube, JioSaavn, and JioCinema under its application Jio TV+, which will make these services available on a single platform that can be viewed on TVs.
Some of the major OTT services market players are Roku Inc., Netflix Inc., Amazon.com Inc., Apple Inc., The Walt Disney Company, Facebook Inc., Google LLC (YouTube), Kakao Corp, Rakuten Inc., and Telstra Corporation Ltd.
Global IOT market worth $106.1 billion by 2026 – Report by MarketsandMarkets
According to the new market research report “Industrial IoT Market by Device & Technology, Connectivity Type, Software, Vertical (Manufacturing, Energy, Oil & Gas, Healthcare, Retail, Transportation, Metals & Mining, Agriculture), and Geography – Global Forecast to 2026”, published by MarketsandMarkets™, the global IIoT market size is expected to grow from USD 76.7 billion in 2021 to USD 106.1 billion by 2026, at a CAGR of 6.7% during the forecast period.
The growth of the IIoT market is driven by factors such as technological advancements in semiconductor and electronic devices, increased use of cloud computing platforms, standardization of IPv6, and support from governments of different countries for R&D activities related to IIoT.
IIoT market for smart beacons technology to grow at a high rate from 2021 to 2026
The IIoT industry for smart beacons is expected to grow at a significant rate between 2021 and 2026. Smart beacons function as signal transmitters that are majorly battery-powered and can be configured with the help of a mobile app. This makes them scalable and highly portable; when Bluetooth-enabled devices, such as smartphones and tablets, come in a beacon’s vicinity, the signal turns on the application in these devices and triggers activities associated with the beacon signal. Further, the increasing demand for IoT solutions worldwide is expected to propel the growth of the market for smart beacons.
Manufacturing vertical held the largest share of the IIoT market in 2020
Over the past few years, there has been an introduction of new approaches and technologies, such as smart factories, cyber-physical systems, and intelligent robotics. Governments in countries such as Germany, the UK, France, the US, China, and India have taken several initiatives for encouraging manufacturers to increase their investments for the adoption of IIoT solutions. The manufacturing vertical is expected to hold the largest share of the IIoT industry in 2021. However, the demand for the agriculture vertical is expected to grow at the highest CAGR during the forecast period.
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IIoT market in APAC to grow at the highest rate during the forecast period
The IIoT industry in APAC is expected to grow at the highest CAGR during the forecast period. APAC is the largest manufacturing hub globally; it is also emerging as a large-scale hub for the metals and mining vertical. Infrastructural and industrial developments in emerging economies such as China and India are contributing to the growth of the IIoT market in this region. These factors are contributing to the growth of the market in North America.
The leading players in the industrial IoT market are Huawei (China), Cisco (US), GE (US), Intel (US), Rockwell Automation (US), ABB (Switzerland), Texas Instruments (US), Honeywell (US), IBM (US), KUKA AG(Germany), NEC Corporation (Japan), Bosch.IO (Germany), Siemens AG (Germany), and SAP (Germany).
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